Eye and Rheumatology Series: Dry Eye Conditions


Dr. Prarthana Bhandary spoke about the ophthalmological perspective of dry eye differential diagnosis and treatment approach. Disorders of lip aperture, low blink rate in Parkinson’s disease, and chronic viewing of a video screen increase the chances of dry eye conditions. Dry Eye questionnaires allow quantification and scoring of symptoms and consist of a series of questions with the numerical value attributed to the answers.

Investigations, diagnostics, and treatment in dry eye conditions are discussed by Dr. Gairik Kundu. Schirmer’s test and Staining technique with fluorescence over the ocular surface and recording tear film break-up time (TBUT) help in the diagnosis of dry eye. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Immunoassay (MMP9) testing in DED is well correlated with other dry eye tests.

Dr. Praveen Kumar discussed the rheumatological perspective on Sjogren’s syndrome. Sjogren’s syndrome is a primary or secondary syndrome with heterogeneous manifestations. Evaluation of dry eye and mouth is essential for early diagnosis of SS. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for the treatment of SS.

Watch this video to learn more about dry-eye conditions, and the rheumatological perspective of Sjogren’s syndrome.